A Hopi runner and his marathon trophy

Photograph by Matthew Sakiestewa Gilbert

Most people who visit the Sherman Indian Museum in Riverside, California, see this first place trophy without knowing who won it. Marathon officials did not engrave the athlete’s name on the trophy, but they did include the date and the event, which was the Vallejo Pre-Olympic National Marathon held in California on December 22, 1929.

At one point in the school’s history, the student’s at Sherman Institute knew who won this award. But as time passed, the trophy, one of the largest in the Museum’s collection, became disassociated from its owner.

The trophy belongs to Hopi runner Harry Chaca from the village of Polacca on First Mesa. He was among the great Hopi runners of the twentieth century. Chaca attended Sherman in the 1920s and early 1930s and he earned several marathon honors while a student at the school.

I wrote about Chaca and his victory of the 1929 Vallejo Pre-Olympic National Marathon in my article “Hopi Footraces and American Marathons, 1912-1930” (American Quarterly, March 2010). I note that prior to this event, Chaca had won other prestigious marathons and his reputation as a great runner spread far beyond the United States.

In Japan, for example, a runner named Yoshikio Sudsuki heard that Chaca was the best runner in America and so he traveled to the U.S. for the sole purpose of competing against the Hopi from Polacca. But at the 1929 Vallejo Pre-Olympic National Marathon, Chaca’s speed and endurance proved too much for the forty-nine year old runner from Tokyo. In my article I write that the

Hopi runner ran at a “killing pace to win” the full marathon in two hours, forty-one minutes, and twenty-five seconds, a “full second better than the performance of Alpien Stenroos” in the 1924 Olympic Games in Paris. One of the fifty thousand spectators of the marathon recalled that Chaca’s “victory” was “all the more noteworthy for his sensational finish. After trailing for twenty-three miles it was at that mark that he applied a final burst of speed that sent him ahead” of Hopi runner Franklin Suhu. In addition to winning the race, Chaca set a new American marathon record, which immediately confirmed his place as the top long-distance runner in the nation. [p. 91]

Shortly after Chaca’s marathon victory, school officials took his trophy and displayed it in a large cabinet located in Sherman’s administration building (now the Sherman Indian Museum). According to school administrators, all individually won trophies belonged to the school.

At times Hopi students attempted to obtain their trophy cups after their terms at Sherman had expired.  During the 1940s, for example, Hopi runner Philip Zeyouma asked the school’s superintendent if he could reclaim his trophies (pictured on the front cover of American Quarterly), but school officials refused to honor his request.

More than eighty years after Chaca won the Vallejo Pre-Olympic National Marathon, his trophy remains at the Sherman Indian Museum. Although government officials consider the award to be property of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, the trophy will always belong to Harry Chaca and his family.

Matthew Sakiestewa Gilbert

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10 Responses to “A Hopi runner and his marathon trophy”


  1. 1 Cheryl Chaca June 30, 2010 at 4:55 pm

    What an honor and a wonderful blog on my grandfather I wish he could have read this himself. He would have been very pleased. I do thank you for the research and bringing into light his accomplishments, in which I had no idea he had acheived. I will now share this with my children Harry’s greatgrandchildren.

    Best Regards,

    Cheryl Chaca

  2. 2 Matthew Sakiestewa Gilbert July 2, 2010 at 6:18 am

    Cheryl, many thanks for your comment. Glad to hear that you enjoyed reading my post about your grandfather. He was one of the great Hopi runners of the twentieth century, and I hope that more people will become familiar with him and his marathon honors. I am currently writing a book on Hopi runners, and I will write much more on Harry and his running accomplishments. Again, thanks for taking the time to make a comment on this post!

  3. 3 Madeline Sahneyah July 8, 2010 at 12:26 pm

    Hello Mr. Gilbert,
    I am another granddaughter of Harry Chaca. He was a very humble person who never spoke of his running except to my brother, Herman D.Sahneyah who also was a well known distance runner. Herman took my grandfather to watch him run in the Boston Marathon during which time Pa-Pa (grandfather) did alot of reminiscing about his running days. Pa-Pa told Herman that just by watching the race, he felt like he was running also.
    I feel so proud when I read articles of my grandfather’s running days and thank you for allowing us to know our Pa-pa as a great distance runner. madeline

    • 4 Matthew Sakiestewa Gilbert August 1, 2010 at 7:36 pm

      Hi Madeline, I really appreciate your comment. It is very rewarding for me to return these stories to our people. Your grandfather’s reputation as a great distance runner traveled to the other side of the world – well beyond the Hopi mesas. Again, thanks for your comment and also for letting me know about your brother. I will send you newspaper articles about your grandfather in separate email.

  4. 5 Waldine Doering February 12, 2013 at 1:10 am

    Give the people their trophies…their talent won them not the Bureau of Indian Affairs!!! Really….BIA how stingy, mean spirited, and cold-hearted can you be?

  5. 6 larin nasafotie January 16, 2014 at 9:04 am

    Hello.
    I am the grand child of Papa as we know him. He raised me and my other sib

    lings and has taught me a great deal in our ways as Hopi and Tewa. I did see him out the living room window on the most days in the planting season running to the fields behind first mesa but never knew he was once the best and still is.I hold my head up higher now as My Granpa was a Superstar… Thank you for this honor for Papa.
    respectfully Larin Nasafotie

    • 7 Jeff Levy October 5, 2014 at 4:59 pm

      Hello,
      I am looking for Larin Nasafotie who we purchased a Kachina sculpture from in 1995. When we moved her “feather” broke off and she just does not look complete any more. Would you be the artist? The piece is signed “Larin Nasafotie Hopi-Tewa” and there is a tobacco pipe carved below the name. If this is you could we arrange for a repair? I can send photos. It is really a beautiful piece. Thank you.

  6. 8 Vincent jones April 8, 2016 at 9:48 pm

    To Madeline. I ran with your brother Herman at Illinois State University. He was a great runner and an even better person. I am glad that the history of the great Hopi runners live on in your family.
    Vince Jones
    ISU All American 1979


  1. 1 A Hopi runner and his marathon trophy « Indigenous People’s Literature Weblog Trackback on June 29, 2010 at 12:43 pm
  2. 2 Beyond the Mesas exceeds 100,000 clicks! | Beyond the Mesas Trackback on October 3, 2014 at 2:10 pm

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Copyright Notice

© Matthew Sakiestewa Gilbert and BEYOND THE MESAS, 2009-2017. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of this material without express and written permission from this blog’s author and/or owner is strictly prohibited. Excerpts and links may be used, provided that full and clear credit is given to Matthew Sakiestewa Gilbert and BEYOND THE MESAS with appropriate and specific direction to the original content.

About the author

Matthew Sakiestewa Gilbert is enrolled with the Hopi Tribe from the village of Upper Moencopi in northeastern Arizona. He is an Associate Professor in the Department of History and a Dean's Fellow and Conrad Humanities Scholar in the College of Liberal Arts and Sciences at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

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Foreword to Kevin Whalen’s Native Students at Work: American Indian Labor and Sherman Institute’s Outing Program, 1900-1945

A Second Wave of Hopi Migration (History of Education Quarterly, August 2014)

Sun Chief: An Autobiography of A Hopi Indian by Don C. Talayesva, New foreword by Matthew Sakiestewa Gilbert (Sept. 2013)

Marathoner Louis Tewanima and the Continuity of Hopi Running, 1908-1912 (Western Historical Quarterly, Autumn 2012). Winner of Spur Award for Best Western Short Nonfiction, Western Writers of America (2013)

“Hopi Footraces and American Marathons, 1912-1930”, American Quarterly, Vol. 62, No. 1, March Issue 2010 (Click image to download article)

Hopi runner Philip Zeyouma’s trophy cups featured on cover of American Quarterly

Education beyond the Mesas: Hopi Students at Sherman Institute, 1902-1929 (University of Nebraska Press, 2010)

Education beyond the Mesas – Introduction (click image to download)

“‘The Hopi Followers’: Chief Tawaquaptewa and Hopi Student Advancement at Sherman Institute, 1906-1909”, Journal of American Indian Education, (Click image to download article)

The Indian School on Magnolia Avenue: Voices and Images From Sherman Institute (Oregon State University Press, 2012)

Arizona English Teachers Association highlights Hopi authors (click image to download)

Constitution and Bylaws of the Hopi Tribe (With all amendments, click to download)

Click to listen to KUYI On-Line

Matt’s Goodreads

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